In March 2001, Apple introduced a successor to its vintage Mac OS that was once put in on each and every Mac launched between 1984 and 1999. The root in the back of macOS (first referred to as Mac OS X, then OS X) was once the NeXTSTEP platform, which Steve Jobs introduced from NeXT following his 1997 go back to the corporate he co-founded.
Via 16 variations, macOS all the time incorporated a ’10’ in its reliable name. For instance, Mac OS X 10.0 was once the primary macOS model, adopted through Mac OS X 10.1. It wasn’t till 2020 when Apple moved to a brand new quantity, indicating simply how giant a possibility this new macOS model was once. The present macOS Giant Sur is regarded as macOS 11.x.
Here is a spotlight of every macOS model going again to 2001 and why every model was once vital.
Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah)
Launched on March 24, 2001, for $129, Cheetah was once famous for being an incomplete resolution with few apps to be had from third-party builders.
In spite of the Cheetah release, many Mac customers determined to stay with Mac OS 9, the general model of the vintage Mac running machine.
The primary 9 variations of macOS had been named after cats, beginning with Cheetah in 2001. Since 2013 with OS X 10.9 Mavericks, new macOS variations had been named after places in California.
Highlights: The primary model of macOS was once the person who offered the long-lasting Mac dock and Terminal software. Previous to this, Mac OS was once some of the few running methods that did not have a command-line interface.
Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma)
Simply six months after it offered Cheetah, Apple introduced the second one model of macOS. Codenamed Puma, OS X 10.1 presented efficiency improvements, advanced AppleScript, DVD playback beef up, and extra.
Additionally priced at $129, Puma was once nonetheless unfastened to Cheetah homeowners. In January 2002, Apple introduced the inevitable: Mac OS X would transform the default running machine for all Mac merchandise, changing Mac OS 9.
Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)
Introduced 11 months after Puma, Mac OS X Jaguar (a $129 paid improve) arrived at the scene in August 2002. The 0.33 model of macOS was once the primary to make use of the code identify in its promoting. The replace presented MPEG-3 beef up in QuickTime and added an Deal with guide. Seek options had been additionally added to the Mac Finder.
Mac OS X Jaguar was once Apple’s first running machine in 18 years to not characteristic the Satisfied Mac at startup.
Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther)
In 2003, Apple introduced Mac OS 10.3 Panther. With advanced efficiency and in depth updates to the consumer interface, Panther was once packed stuffed with new options. Those incorporated fast-user switching, Reveal, FileVault, Font E-book, Safari, iChat, advanced PDF rendering, and extra.
Like earlier variations, Panther was once $129 for a unmarried license.
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger)
Apple did not free up a brand new model of Mac OS X once more till Tiger arrived on April 29, 2005. With greater than 200 new options, the Mac OS X 10.4 replace presented Highlight, Dashboard and Good Folders for the primary time. It additionally incorporated vital updates to QuickTime, Safari, Automator, and others.
Tiger was once the primary Mac OS X model presented for the then all-new Intel-based Macs. That model, then again, did not come with Vintage Mac for the primary time.
Cupertino as soon as once more charged $129 for the replace.
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard)
The $129 Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard was once introduced 17 months after Tiger. Referred to as “the most important replace of Mac OS X” to this point, Leopard offered 300 new options for each PowerPC and Intel-based Macs.
New options incorporated Time Gadget, Areas, and Boot Camp pre-installed. Mail and iChat additionally won vital updates.
Leopard was once the primary macOS model to not come with or beef up Vintage Mac and the closing to paintings on PowerPCs.
Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard)
The primary macOS model to be aware of ‘underneath the hood’ adjustments, Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard introduced in 2009. It featured sooner Time Gadget backups and a extra responsive Finder. Model 10.6.6 was once the primary to beef up the Mac App Retailer.
For the primary time, Apple dropped the cost of a macOS model. Snow Leopard was once $29 for a unmarried license.
Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion)
It was once July 2011 when Apple introduced Mac OS X 10.7 Lion. It added higher use of multi-touch gestures and offered LaunchPad. The brand new Undertaking Regulate unified Exposé, Areas, and Dashboard.
The $30 Lion replace will be the ultimate “Mac” OS X model.
Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion)
OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion introduced in July 2012. From this level on, Apple would free up a brand new model of macOS yearly, fairly than what had transform a two-year cycle. The replace introduced one of the options first offered on iPhone with iOS 5, together with Sport Middle, iMessage, and Reminders.
Mountain Lion was once the primary macOS model to get disbursed by means of the Mac App Retailer and the general person who required paying a rate ($20). It was once additionally the general ‘cats’ model.
OS X 10.9 Mavericks
Apple introduced the primary macOS model with a reputation in accordance with a Californian location in October 2013. OS X 10.9 Mavericks was once a unfastened improve for any individual the use of Snow Leopard or later with a 64-bit Intel processor.
Mavericks introduced Maps and iBooks (now Books) to Mac for the primary time and featured enhancements to Notification Middle.
OS X 10.10 Yosemite
In October 2014, OS X 10.10 Yosemite introduced. The replace featured a extra minimum, text-based flat design. The replace changed iPhoto and Aperture with the Footage app, whilst Handoff debuted.
OS X 10.11 El Capitan
Introduced in September 2015, OS X 10.11 El Capitan was once the general ‘OS X’ model. It in large part advanced the machine efficiency with few adjustments taking place at the out of doors.
El Capitan arrived with Steel API, which ended in sooner graphics efficiency and presented updates to the Notes app. It was once additionally the primary macOS model to supply enhancing extensions within the Footage app.
macOS 10.12 Sierra
The primary reliable macOS model, macOS 10.12 Sierra, introduced in September 2016. It featured the creation of Siri on Mac for the primary time and in addition incorporated optimized garage and updates to the Footage, Messages, and iTunes app.
Sierra is the primary macOS model to beef up the Apple Record Device.
macOS 10.13 Top Sierra
Offered in September 2017, macOS 10.13 Top Sierra introduced new updates to the Footage and Safari apps. On the other hand, lots of the adjustments came about beneath, together with efficiency enhancements and technical updates.
macOS 10.14 Mojave
Apple’s macOS 10.14 Mojave (2017) welcomed apps as soon as unique to iOS, together with Apple Information, Voice Memos, and House. Moreover, Mojave was once the primary macOS model with a extra complete darkish mode.
The replace additionally noticed the removing of integration with Fb, Twitter, Vimeo, and Flickr. Mojave was once additionally the general macOS model to beef up 32-bit app device.
macOS 10.15 Catalina
The predecessor to macOS Giant Sur, macOS 10.15 Catalina formally arrived in October 2019. The replace was once the primary to incorporate Activation Lock and closing macOS 10.x model launched.
Catalina is famous for being the primary Mac replace to deliver Catalyst on-line in order that builders may write apps that would run on each macOS and iPadOS. Sidecar was once additionally new, permitting a Mac to make use of an iPad as a wi-fi exterior show.
In some of the largest adjustments within the historical past of macOS, Catalina got rid of the iTunes app. As an alternative, you currently in finding 3 separate apps, tune, Podcasts, and TV.
macOS 11 Giant Sur
The newest macOS model ushered in a brand new technology for Mac when it arrived in November 2020. That includes a brand new consumer interface with new icons, Giant Sur brings most likely probably the most adjustments to Mac in a technology.
With a slick new Regulate Middle and Notification Middle, Giant Sur is the primary to beef up Apple silicon, and a protracted with it, beef up for iOS and iPadOS apps.
Up to date apps come with Safari, Messages, Notes, Footage, and extra.
macOS 12 ???
The following model of macOS is anticipated to be introduced in June 2021 with a fall 2021 public free up date. Keep tuned.